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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 32(2); 2015 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2015;32(2):106-110.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2015.
Mechanical ventilation-associated pneumothorax presenting with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in patients with acute respiratory failure.
Jeong Ho Eom, Myung Goo Lee, Chang Youl Lee, Kyong Min Kwak, Won Jae Shin, Jung Wook Lee, Seong Hoon Kim, Sang Hyeon Choi, So Young Park
1Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Gangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
The prevalence of pneumothorax cases among Intensive Care Unit patients who require mechanical ventilation ranges from 4%-15%. A pneumothorax remains one of the most serious complications of positive pressure ventilation. It can be diagnosed in a critically ill patient through a physical examination or radiographic studies that include chest radiographs, ultrasonography, or computed tomography scanning. However, in a critically ill patient, the diagnosis of a pneumothorax is often complicated by other diseases and by difficulties in imaging sick and unconscious patients. Although electrocardiogram changes associated with a pneumothorax have been described for many years, there has been no report of such among patients who require mechanical ventilation. In this paper, we report 2 cases of a spontaneous pneumothorax with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in patients who required invasive mechanical ventilation due to acute respiratory failure.
Key Words: Pneumothorax, Supraventricular tachycardia, Artificial respiration
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