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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 34(1); 2017 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2017;34(1):55-61.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2017.34.1.55    Published online June 30, 2017.
Associations between smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects in medical school students
Hye In Kim, Seong Hi Cheon, Hwa Jeong Kang, Keunmi Lee, Seung Pil Jung
Department of Family Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. kmlee@med.yu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Smartphone addiction, academic stress and anxiety of university students are increasing gradually; however, few studies have investigated these factors in medical school students. Therefore, this study investigated associations between smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects in medical school students. METHODS: A total of 231 Yeungnam University College of Medicine students were enrolled in this study in March 2017. Gender, school grade, type of residence, and smartphone usage patterns of the students were surveyed. The Korean Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale and each Korean version scale were used to assess sociopsychological aspects such as loneliness, stress and anxiety. RESULTS: There was a direct statistical correlation between loneliness, stress of negative perception, anxiety and smartphone addiction scales. There was also a negative statistical correlation between stress of positive perception and smartphone addiction scales. There was a higher level of anxiety among female students than male students. Additionally, there was a higher level of stress associated with negative perception and anxiety among medical students in the first grade than other students. Moreover there was a higher level of loneliness, stress of negative perception and anxiety among students who live with friends than students who live with their own family. CONCLUSION: Smartphone addiction scale and sociopsychological aspects significantly correlated. Moreover, the results suggest that female medical students in the first grade who have been separated from their family need more attention and management of loneliness, stress and anxiety to avoid smartphone addiction.
Key Words: Smartphone, Behavior, Addictive, Loneliness, Anxiety
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