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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 30(2); 2013 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2013;30(2):109-111.
DOI:    Published online December 31, 2013.
A Case of Continuous Ambulatory Peritonitis Dialysis Peritonitis Due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Using Antibiotic Combination.
Hee Sung Ko, Ah Ran Choi, Tae Hoon Kim, Chan Hee Kyung, Jang Ho Cho, Yong Hoon Kim, Jung Eun Lee
Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) peritonitis is a major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and leads to the discontinuation of PD. Despite its limited pathogenicity, CAPD peritonitis caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia), an important nosocomial pathogen that is present in nature and is usually associated with plastic indwelling devices. Infection of S. maltophilia is associated with a poor prognosis, including inability to maintain the CAPD catheter, because of its resistance to multiple antibiotics. We report a case of CAPD peritonitis due to S. maltophilia that was treated successfully using oral Trimethoprim-sulfame-thoxazole and intraperitoneal Ticarcillin/clavulanate without removing the dialysis catheter.
Key Words: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Peritoneal dialysis, Peritonitis
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