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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 24(2); 2007 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2007;24(2):329-332.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12701/yujm.2007.24.2.329    Published online December 31, 2007.
A Case of Chronic Monocular Solar Retinopathy.
Woohyok Chang
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. changwh@yumail.ac.kr
Abstract
Solar retinopathy is a rare but well-recognized clinical entity of macular damage, caused by viewing a solar eclipse or direct sun gazing. A 21-year-old man gazed at the sun for approximately thirty seconds at noon using a monocular telescope with his left eye. Forty-eight hours after sun gazing, the patient experienced symptoms of blurred vision and central scotoma in the left eye. Eight months after sun gazing, the visual acuity decreased from 1.0 to 0.1 in the left eye and the fundus examination showed a round, yellowish-white discoid lesion at the left fovea. Fluorescein angiography showed an early window defect in the fovea of the left eye, that persisted without size change during the late phase resulting from atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium. A small, central scotoma of the left eye was also found in the visual field test. The visual acuity was unchanged at the end of a one-year follow-up period.
Key Words: Scotoma, Solar retinopathy, Sun-gaze


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