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Yeungnam Univ J Med > Volume 24(1); 2007 > Article
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine 2007;24(1):55-66.
DOI:    Published online June 30, 2007.
Health Behaviors of Nurses at a University Hospital according to Type of Work.
Mi Kyung Kwon, Pock soo Kang, Tae Yoon Hwang, Kyeong Soo Lee
1Department of Health, Graduate School of Environment & Public Health Studies, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to examine the health behaviors of nurses and provide basic information on health promotion for nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey was completed by 340 nurses working at a university hospital in Daegu, Korea from March 6 to March 30, 2006. The questionnaire included demographic characteristics, working environment, health behaviors, self-assessed health status, and the practice of health promotion activities according to the work group(shift group vs. non-shift group). RESULTS: There were significant differences in 'regular diet', 'drinking', 'ordinary health management', 'regular exercise', 'leisure activities', 'rest', and 'feeling of fatigue' between the two groups. The score for the practice of health promotion activities of the non-shift group was 121.9, which was higher than the 115.4 for the shift group. By field of practice of health promotion activities, there were significant differences in 'self-realization' and 'nutrition' between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The shift group did not appear to have enough time to take care of their health. It is therefore important to provide a working environment in which nurses are encouraged to increase their interest and efforts to maintain healthy behaviors. In addition, programs for education and training should be developed to help nurses adopt healthy life styles and enhance their self-esteem.
Key Words: Health behavior, Nurses
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